Disability definition under the Equality Act 2010 – ‘…a physical or mental impairment which has a long-term and substantial adverse effect on their ability to carry out normal day-to-day activities’. This definition provides a relatively low threshold and includes more children than many realise: ‘long-term’ is defined as ‘a year or more’ and‘substantial’ is defined as ‘more than minor or trivial’ (SEND Code of Practice January 215)
Level 1 Universal
Most children achieve Outcomes through the care of their families, plus the support of a range of services that are available to all via Universal services that includes health, education, play, leisure and other community services. Children and young people identified at level one are making good overall progress in all areas of their development with no additional support.
The child/young person has some additional needs because of their disability but this doesn’t prevent them from generally making friends and accessing the local services and activities such as a youth and leisure centre.
From time to time these children may require additional professional time, but generally this will be limited and lead to positive outcomes.
Level 2 Local Offer non-targeted support
While all children require access to high quality universal services some children are at risk of less good outcomes. These are children with additional needs who require support to access community services and activities from education, health, social care and other services.
Sometimes they might need specific activities designed for their needs such as those provided in the non-targeted Short Breaks Local Offer.
There is an expectation that the child/young person will have an Education, Health and Care plan or a Statement of Educational Needs in place. Other relevant assessment will be taken into account to inform eligibility for the Short Breaks Local offer.
At this level the child may be very young. The family are able to support the child with support in the community. There is no need for additional targeted support.
The parent/carers might need help but they know where to go to get it using resources available to them such as grandparents, neighbours, wider family or the community.
Where children with disabilities require additional short breaks and or support to meet their needs, over and above those provided via the Local Offer, the following eligibility principles will apply;
The child will be aged under 18yrs and reside in Oldham.
Priority for services will be given to the following children
- Children and young people with Autistic Spectrum Disorder who have other impairments such as learning disabilities or have behaviour which is challenging
- Children and young people with substantial health needs including those with disability and life limiting conditions which require palliative care services and children with substantial health needs and physical, sensory or cognitive impairments
- Children and young people with moving and handling needs that will require equipment and adaptions
- Children and young people where challenging behaviour is associated with other impairments (e.g. learning disability or mental ill health)
Services/resources will be allocated on the basis of need, which has been identified through a social work single assessment. Thus it will not be the degree or level of disability alone that determines eligibility for services, but the interplay of this with parenting capacity, family, and environmental factors.
Level 3 Some Targeted Support
Children and young people at this level present with ‘substantial’ additional needs and require services or activities that are targeted to their particular needs. Targeted short breaks support services can only be accessed after an assessment of need completed by a social worker with the family.
At this level the family are able to support the child or young person, however to continue to do this will mean they need some additional support from targeted services.
Level 4 Lots of Targeted Support
For some families they will try the hardest they can and they want to achieve the best for their child, but without lots of targeted support there will always be support needs for the child and the family. It might be that the family are unable to support the child without specialist and substantial support. Without this support the family will not be able to offer a safe and healthy home life to the child.
This level will include one or more of the following:
- Children who are subject to a Child protection Plan
- Looked After Children
- Children with high level of special educational needs
- Children with disabilities or health needs, requiring support from a number of agencies
- Children diagnosed with significant mental health problems
Level 5 Exceptional Support
There are major concerns about the family’s skills and abilities to keep their children safe and well without exceptional support the child could be at risk.
Support and service can be provided by one agency or several agencies, to best support the whole family and meet the needs of the child.
The child/young person has significant and/or multiple needs because of their disability which prevents them from making friends and/or accessing local services and activities without high levels of support.
It is highly likely that the child/young person attends a special school to have their high level of educational needs met.
Neither the child/young person’s nor the parents/carers needs are being met and there is a serious risk of family breakdown.